Nevertheless, some critics would question current standards for determining death in these situations. You would not deny that the chances of an author`s interpretation after 2 (or 5) minutes are very small. On the contrary, they question whether this is an appropriate reading of the word “irreversible” both legally, as provided for in the Single Declaration of Death Act (“irreversible cessation of circulatory and respiratory functions”), and morally, as it relates to our obligations to death. The term “irreversible” could be interpreted in different ways. In a construction, this means that the chances of the function itself being lost are very small. In the case of a second phase of construction, this means that the chances of reversing any available intervention are very small. Alexander Capron, in a 1999 article, promoted something like average construction and said that “irreversibility must mean more than simply “we do not decide to reverse ourselves, although we may have succeeded” (Capron 1999, p. 132). A political idea that fits well with the pragmatic attitude of determining death is the so-called “conscience clause” approach. The determination of death status in New Jersey, for example, closely follows the UDDA, but includes a language that would prevent a declaration of death on the basis of neurological criteria if the physician believes that such an act is contrary to the religious beliefs of the individual.23 Robert Veatch and others (Veatch 1993, 1999; Emanuel 1995, Chiong 2005) argued for a dramatic extension of this principle that would allow individuals to decide for themselves – not necessarily on the basis of religious beliefs – the criteria to be used to declare them dead. Their autonomous decisions would be limited to a reasonable area, from the definition of the upper brain on one side to the cardio-respiratory definition on the other. In cases where there was no reason to think that the person had a preference, the default position would be the whole brain`s criterion. Jonas, H.
1974. Against the current: comments on the definition and redefinition of death. In Philosophical Essays: From Ancient Creed to Technological Man. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Inc. In addition to the legal redefinition of death, an attempt has been made to establish the practice of organ collection and organ donation within a legal framework.