Incoterms 2020 is the ninth set of international contractual conditions published by the International Chamber of Commerce, the first sentence having been published in 1936. Incoterms 2020 sets 11 rules, the same number as set in Incoterms 2010.  A rule of the 2010 version (“Delivered at Terminal”); DAT) has been removed and replaced with a new rule (“Delivered at Place Unloaded”), DPU) in the rules for 2020. The first work published by the ICC on the conditions of international trade was published in 1923, the first edition known as Incoterms, in 1936. The Incoterms rules were amended in 1953, 1967, 1976, 1980, 1990 and 2000, with the eighth version – Incoterms 2010 – having been published on 1 January 2011. The ICC has launched consultations on a new review of Incoterms called Incoterms 2020. “Incoterms” is a registered trademark of CCI. This term is largely similar to the term CPT mentioned above, with the exception of the fact that the seller must purchase insurance for goods during transportation. CIP requires the seller to insure the goods for 110% of the contract value in accordance with the Institute of London Underwriters` Institute of London Underwriters (which is an amendment to Incoterms 2010 in which the minimum establishment was a clause C) or similar clauses, unless both parties expressly agree. The policy should be in the same currency as the contract and allow the buyer, seller and all those who have an insurable interest in the goods to assert a right. The 2010 Incoterms distributed 11 international sales conditions in four categories: E, F, C and D. In each of these groups, the place of delivery of the goods and who is responsible for the payment of international transport are defined with precision. In modern transport systems, goods are not always controlled where the risk is transferred to Incoterms 2010.
In order to avoid disputes in cases where losses or damage have been caused throughout the transport chain, it is advisable to agree on conditions and deliveries when a party bears the risk to the goods throughout the transport. In 1935, the International Chamber of Commerce published for the first time a series of international rules for the interpretation of trade terms. These rules were known in 1963 as Incoterms, although they have been modified and supplemented over the years, the last version being that of 2010. Prior to the conclusion and signing of a contract (this is a requirement introduced by the rules of Incoterms 2010): for the Incoterms application to be stated in the sales contract that both parties agree to be linked to ICC Incoterms 2010, publication 175. “Unit 23 Rainbow Industrial Park, Gillette Avenue, Reading, UK after Incoterms® 2010.” Incoterms 2010 – Group D. The seller bears all risks and costs until the goods arrive in the destination country, including the cost of unloading at the terminal (port, airport, train, TIR). “The chosen incoterms rule, including the designated location or port, followed by Incoterms® 2010.”