The pension market is one of the largest and most active sectors in the short-term credit markets and is an important source of liquidity for money funds and institutional investors. Pension transactions (also known as resean agreements) are short-term secured loans, often obtained by traders (borrowers) to finance their securities portfolios and by institutional investors (lenders), such as money funds and securities lenders, as sources of secured investments. Pension agreements have a risk profile similar to all securities lending transactions. That is, they are relatively safe transactions, since they are secured credits, which are generally used as custodians by a third party. The repurchase agreement (repo or PR) and the repurchase agreement (RRP) are two key instruments used by many large financial institutions, banks and some companies. These short-term agreements provide temporary lending opportunities that contribute to the financing of day-to-day operations. The Federal Reserve also uses repurchase and inversion agreements as a method of controlling the money supply. Although the transaction is similar to a loan and its economic effect is similar to a loan, the terminology is different from that of the loans: the seller legally buys the securities from the buyer at the end of the loan period. However, an essential aspect of rest is that they are legally recognized as a single transaction (important in the event of a counterparty`s insolvency) and not as a transfer and redemption for tax purposes. By structuring the transaction as a sale, a repot provides lenders with significant protection against the normal functioning of U.S. bankruptcy laws, such as. B automatic suspension and prevention of provisions.
A pension contract (PR) is a short-term loan in which both parties agree to the sale and future repurchase of assets within a certain contract term. The seller sells a treasury order or other state security with the promise to repurchase them at a given time and at a price that includes an interest payment. In the United States, standard and reverse agreements are the most commonly used instruments for the Federal Reserve`s open operations. While conventional deposits are generally instruments that are sifted against credit risk, there are residual credit risks. Although this is essentially a guaranteed transaction, the seller may not buy back the securities sold on the due date. In other words, the pension seller does not fulfill his obligation. Therefore, the buyer can keep the warranty and liquidate the guarantee to recover the borrowed money. However, security may have lost value since the beginning of the operation, as security is subject to market movements. To reduce this risk, deposits are often over-insured and subject to a daily market margin (i.e., if the guarantee ends in value, a margin call may be triggered to ask the borrower to reserve additional securities).
Conversely, if the value of the guarantee increases, there is a credit risk to the borrower, since the lender is not allowed to resell it. If this is considered a risk, the borrower can negotiate a subsecured repot.  Rese repurchase transactions are financial transactions involving the sale of a security and the subsequent redemption of the same guarantee. Hence the name “buyout contract” (or repo, in short). With respect to securities lending, it is used to temporarily obtain the guarantee for other purposes, for example. B for short position hedging or for use in complex financial structures. Securities are generally borrowed for a royalty, and securities borrowing transactions are subject to other types of legal agreements than deposits. Retirement transactions are usually short-term transactions, often literally overnight.